Oral health is directly linked to diabetes. Diabetic people are more prone to oral diseases than those, who are non-diabetic. It is the hyperglycemia excessive amount of sugar in the body that gives rise to diabetes. Diabetes is such a disease that can affect various parts of the body apart from mouth heart, kidneys, nerves, eyes and various other important parts of the body. More often than not, oral diseases are very common with diabetes.
The various oral diseases that affect diabetic people include tooth decay, mouth ulcers, lichen planus, gum abscesses, tooth cavity, fungal infections etc. All these diseases are life-threatening. If they are not diagnosed and treated at the right, they can claim people’s lives.
How does tooth decay affect adults and children?
It is a disease that is seven times more common than hay fever and five times more common than asthma according to the survey conducted by the New York University College of Dentistry. It is also one of the worst health problems in developing countries.
In the USA, about 90% people have this oral disease. In children, it begins to develop when sugar enriched foods get stuck in their teeth. The bacteria present in their mouth transform sugar into acids, which eat away the enamel of the tooth.
This results in tooth decaying. In adults, tooth-decaying begins when their aging causes gums to go back from the teeth. The recession of gum allows the tooth root to the plaque. This results in tooth decaying in their mouths. Thus, both adults and children are equally prone to tooth decay.
Different types of tooth decay treatments
It is not regrettable that tooth decaying cannot be overcome. There are tooth decay treatments that include two types early tooth decay treatment and severe tooth decay treatment. The former is provided when patients are diagnosed early.
Under this condition, a concentrated varnish or fluoride gel is applied to the affect areas to prevent further decaying. Moreover, patients are asked to cut down on sugar intake as a preventive measure.
The latter is provided when tooth decay has reached the pulp of patients’ teeth. Root canal therapy is the best option recommended by highly qualified dentists. It involves removal of the diseased pulp, cleaning, and filling of teeth and placement of the dental crown.
Formation of tooth cavity and various treatments associated with it
The tooth cavity is formed when the acid yielded by the bacteria thriving in dental plaque starts eating the tooth enamel and reaches the portion under dentin. The condition becomes so severe that it is not treated properly, patients are sure to sure to die. Basically, there are three tooth cavity treatments filling, filling and placing a crown and root canal therapy.
1. The first one is provided when teeth of patients are slightly stained with white or black spots. The dentist will clean the teeth thoroughly with a dental handpiece before he or she fills up the cavity with a filling material.
2. The second one is provided when there is considerable damage to patients’ teeth. Under this condition, large metal fillings are used for saving their teeth. Placement of crown is also recommended by the dentists. For this purpose, patients teeth are shaped in such a manner that they accept a crown easily.
3. The third treatment is provided when the oral conditions of patients are very severe. Although it appears horrifying at first sight as it involves drills and loud noises, it is a very gentle way of cleaning the canal. During this treatment, patients are anesthetized. So that they do not suffer from pain.
In sum, oral health is adversely affected by diabetes. Tooth decay and tooth cavity are the two worst oral diseases that can claim people’s lives if they are not properly treated.