Earlier, the internet was used by scientists only for their research and development purpose. It was basically, kept reserved in research and development (R&D) organizations like the NASA, for their space programmes, connect Wired Broadband Technology, etc.
Slowly, as time passed by, and the need for internet was felt, it started gaining importance. Today, the use of the connect broadband customer care has formed the main network that keeps everyone connected to each other with the help of connect broadband app.
At present, the broadband technology has seen a lot of developments. It has become a part of our lives. It is being used everywhere – in our homes, offices, businesses, organizations, etc. We depend on the broadband technology for many purposes, some of which include our work, entertainment, communication, information and much more.
The connect broadband plans have made our lives easier. We can easily reach out to people and accomplish most of our purposes digitally. The evolution of the broadband technology has become vital in various segments like homes, educational institutions, and business establishments with online broadband bill payment.
The Evolution of Wired Broadband Technology
When we talk about wired broadband technology, it basically means that there is a physical connection to your home, office, business or organization through the means of a cable.
The speeds at which the broadband transmits data is measured in bandwidths, such as kilobits per second (Kbps), megabits per second (Mbps), gigabits per second (Gbps), terabits per second (Tbps), and so on. Here, a single kilobit of data is formed by 1,024 bits of data. It should also be noted that the speed of broadband technology depends on various factors, such as climate, distance, quality of service (QoS), etc.
The broadband technology is a high-speed internet that is much faster than its predecessor, the dial-up connection technology (connects via RJ-11 Ethernet cable). The dial-up internet connection technology came to an end with the start of the broadband technology. This technology of internet connection has been further expanded into various forms, which we shall see below:
Wired broadband technologies. A wide range of communication technologies with different technological capabilities are capable of providing high-speed Internet in homes. Wired technologies include copper cable (xDSL), coaxial cable (such as HFC), broadband over power line (BPL) and optical fiber cable (FTTx).
There are now several other high-speed technologies that cater to a faster transmission of data. These various categories are:
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
- Coaxial cable
- Fiber optic
- Broadband over Power Lines (BPL)
- T1 (or T3) Lines
- Wireless broadband
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) technology
The DSL technology uses the traditional copper wire telephone lines, technically called the RJ-45 Ethernet cable that connects your computer via a modem (which connects to a phone line jack). The Internet Service Provider (ISP), which is also your phone line service provider, renders this type of broadband connection service in order to access the internet at your home. It can also be used in small businesses.
It can transmit data faster with speeds ranging from several hundreds of kilobits per second (Kbps) to millions of bits per second.
The DSL wired broadband can be further divided into two sub-categories. One is called the Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL), which is mainly used in homes and provides a faster downstream (downloading of data packets from servers) via a telephone line. Here, the downstream and the upstream of data transmission is not balanced.
The other type is called Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (SDSL), which provides a proportionate downstream as well as upstream data transmission. This type of broadband technology is typically used in businesses for the purpose of video conferencing, etc.
Coaxial cable broadband technology
The coaxial cable broadband technology of the internet is provided to you by cable TV companies. The coaxial cables are sheathed with three layers of protective coatings that cannot be easily damaged by accident.
A cable modem is required in order to have the broadband connection installed in your home. This cable broadband is usually faster than DSL. However, in terms of cost, this broadband technology is pretty pricey as compared to the DSL technology. Some cable TV companies market their services in packages, which might be a cost-effective way for individuals in order to purchase internet broadband services.
Fiber optic broadband technology
Compared to both the DSL and the coaxial cable broadband technologies, the fiber optic broadband internet technology is the fastest and expensive, too.
Fiber optic technology can transmit data at speeds that are far exceeding than DSL and cable modem. The data transmission speed of a typical fiber optic broadband technology can range from a few megabits per second (Mbps) to hundreds of gigabits per second (Gbps).
It’s very fast. Fiber optic can deliver a much higher bandwidth than the other broadband technologies and at a lower cost of maintenance. It also allows for future expansion and opportunities as new innovative approaches evolve at later periods in time.
This type of broadband technology is used in homes, small businesses, medium businesses, large businesses, private and government organizations as well. It caters to the needs of voice, internet access and video services to its users.
Broadband over Power Lines (BPL)
The Broadband over Power Lines (BPL) is an emerging technology that is currently available in very specific areas. This type of broadband technology can be provided to residences using electrical connections and outlets.
Here, the delivery of the broadband service is done through the existing low and medium voltage electric power distribution network. Using existing power lines can decrease the cost of installing new transport infrastructures. The ability to connect a modem equipment to an electric receptacle.
Although the bandwidth of the Broadband over Power Lines (BPL) technology is equivalent to that of the DSL and cable modem, yet the speeds may also vary, depending on the environmental factors which may pose as obstacles in the delivery of speed.
T1 (or T3) Lines broadband technology
T1 is a copper based digital transmission system and the first generation of T-carrier broadband technology. T1 lines are usually leased out or rented to companies and large-scale businesses. These are mainly used to connect their offices that are located in different geographical regions. It provides voice and data communications to the companies and businesses and their regional branches with connect broadband unlimited plans.
The bandwidth of the T1 (or T3) leased lines broadband technology is very fast as compared to DSL, coaxial cable, and fiber-optic broadband technologies. It is needed for constant voice and video communications.
Thus, the T-1 lines broadband technology being expensive leased lines, are rarely used for residential purposes.
Wireless broadband technology
The wireless broadband technology, or commonly referred to as the Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi), is today’s most popular and highly used broadband technology.
Wireless broadband connects homes and businesses using radio frequency. In homes, wireless broadband work to connect your computers and smartphones via a router equipment.
Many router manufacturing companies, such as D-Link, Cisco, TP-Link, Netgear, Apple, etc., provide the broadband equipment. All you need to do is approach an ISP in your area in order to install the service. ISP stands for internet service provider
Through the equipment, which is a cable modem and a wireless router, both-in-one. You can easily connect your devices to the wireless internet. Usually, wireless broadband connections have a limited range of connectivity, since it works on a radio frequency.
The bandwidth of a typical wireless broadband technology could reach up to a few megabits per second (Mbps). That is capable of allowing you to watch videos, listen to online music, start a video conference, download documents. Other multi-media files and upload files to websites and e-mails, etc.
The fundamental advantage of the Wired Broadband Technology is that it can be both mobile and fixed. In other words, you can connect your laptops and desktops using an RJ-45 Ethernet cable, or go completely wireless on your laptops and smart-phones and have online access.
Finally, on a global scale wireless communication is something that people can expect as technology advances. Wireless communication has a lot of benefits and can make the world more efficient. However, it is a matter of concern with every other new advancement taking place in today’s world. Security issues regarding access to personal information of an individual or its negative impact on society are some of the things that are holding back the progress of wireless technology. With more research and experiments, the problems associated with wireless communication can be reduced and made a more important part of the world. Wireless technology will be of great importance in the near future where the need for wires connecting individual devices seems to be eliminated.